What Are Vacuum Parts Names – How Vacuum Cleaner Work

Vacuum (also known as hoover) is one of the most common household cleaning tools globally. People use a vacuum to get rid of all the dust, bacteria, and dirt in the house.

However, as nothing lasts forever, a vacuum can wear down over time, and many owners have no idea what the cause is and how to fix it. They end up buying a new vacuum for replacement when the broken vacuum can still be usable.

Thus, it is important that owners learn what vacuum parts names are and how they function to fix the vacuum at home and avoid wasting money on a new one.


How Does A Vacuum Cleaner Work?

Dated back to the 1900s when the first domestic vacuum cleaner was introduced in England, this underrated cleaning tool was developed and enhanced to fit consumers’ needs with small size, smart design, and better performance. Currently, there are five main vacuum types with slight differences in function and design.

Five Main Vacuum Types


This type works with hard-to-reach areas due to its unique perk. As the name says, this type can behold with one hand for maximizing flexibility.


This vacuum cleaner is the most common use with a powerful performance and can be used on carpet and bare floors. It also has a friendly user interface and an easy-to-understand manual.


This type of vacuum is similar to an upright model. However, there are few significant differences to distinguish between these types, such as elegant frame and multi-functional design.


Stick vacuum is the least powerful type, but it is not a useless one. It is extremely helpful when you need to clean little places as it has a slender and long handle.


This is a new type of vacuum cleaner that is gaining a lot of interest from many modern families. These vacuums are small and automatic to roam around the house.

Although there are many types of vacuum cleaners with special perks, they all have the same function: suction.

The Process of A Working Vacuum Cleaner:

When we activate the power, the motor inside will turn the fan on to create suction. Once the wand hits the debris, dirt, and dust, it will suck all of them through the vacuum’s hose and stay in the attached bag. 

From then on, the vacuum cleaner will keep all the dirt inside and return a clean surface.

Now that you know how vacuum cleaners work, let’s take a closer look at each part of the machine to thoroughly understand the process.

Also read: Why Are Vacuums So Loud? – Does It Drive You Mad?

What Are Vacuum Parts Names?

Although vacuum cleaners are common household tools, not many people know all the vacuum parts’ names and how they work together. 

Here are the main parts of the vacuum cleaner that you should know:


A motor is the most important part of a vacuum cleaner. The motor uses power from 1600 to 1800 watts to spin the internal fan, which creates the suction. Therefore, the higher the vacuum’s power, the stronger the suction will be.

As a result, if a motor is broken, the vacuum cleaner would possibly become unusable. Fortunately, most vacuum brands offer up to 5 years warranty, so you can always bring your machine to them within that time.


Powerhead is at the base of all vacuum cleaners. This part’s function is agitating the dirt to move from the bottom to the top where the suction happens. You can also adjust its height to reach all surface levels easily.


Cleaning wands attached to the powerhead can extend the reach of vacuum cleaners to clean ceiling and other spaces that are hard to clean.

Drive Belt

The drive belt is one of the most common malfunction parts in a vacuum cleaner. It helps the brush roll by connecting the motor with the brush roller by its elastic tension.

If the brush is not sucking dirt, the reason is possibly related to the drive belt. Thus, you should keep some spare parts to replace it immediately if a problem happens.

Control Module

The control module is a digital display on a vacuum cleaner. It usually shows the filter, bag, and battery status depending on the type of vacuum cleaner.


Filters are necessary for vacuum cleaners to prevent any dirt and bacteria from going through the powerhead floating outside the vacuum. In the market, there are two types of filters: True HEPA and HEPA style.

With true HEPA filters, 99.97% of bacteria are trapped, which is the best performance right now. This filter can keep your homes clean and pollutant-free. However, due to the high quality, this filter is also more expensive than regular filters.

HEPA filters are less efficient than True HEPA filters, but it doesn’t mean this filter type is useless. HEPA style can trap 85 to 99 percent of bacteria and allergens.

In addition, certain types of filters can be washable, which is eco-friendly and economical, while some filters need to be replaced regularly, which can be costly to some people.


Depending on the type of vacuum cleaner, power switches can be placed in different positions. For the canister vacuum, the power switch can be found at the base of the powerhead. Other types can have a handle to adjust while using it easily.


Standard vacuum cleaners tend to go with some separate attachments. They are for enhancing the performance of vacuum cleaners on different textures. For example, common attachments you might find are but not limited to:

Crevice Tools

These tools are great for narrow areas such as under or behind the furniture and small corners due to its angled tip.

Upholstery Tools

These are specialized on soft surfaces such as coaches, sofa, and cushions.

Dusting Brush

This tool is perfect for cleaning bookcase, art frame, and window sills with its round and soft texture.

Read: How Long Should A Vacuum Last – What Factors Affect A Vacuum Lifespan?


Vacuum cleaner is a great cleaning household tool that is simple for everyone to use. A vacuum keeps your house clean and pollutant-free with its great function by removing all the dirt, debris, and bacteria out of your home. However, not many people know what to do if their vacuums break down.

There are many reasons that can lead to a broken vacuum. One of the most popular reasons is a malfunction of a certain part of the vacuum. Thus, acknowledging the vacuum parts names and how the ensemble function can help you better understand vacuum cleaners and fix certain problems if they ever occur in the future.

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